Fake news is false or misleading information presented as news. It often has the aim of damaging the reputation of a person or entity, or making money through advertising revenue. However, the term does not have a fixed definition, and has been applied more broadly to include any type of false information, including unintentional and unconscious mechanisms, and also by high-profile individuals to apply to any news unfavorable to their personal perspectives. (Definition taken from Wikipedia)
One of the things the Presidential Election Campaign of 2016 may be remembered for is the proliferation of fake news stories. Viral news hoaxes have been around for many years but since 2016 they exploded into the consciousness of the American public.
Evaluating information for its credibility and being able to separate fact from fiction has never been more important, It is a lifelong skill that is vital in helping you make informed decisions in your everyday life, both personally and professionally.
(List adapted from the Albuquerque and Bernalillo County Public Library's web page, Help! My News is Fake!)