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Fake News: Separating Fact from Fiction

What is fake news?

Fake news is false or misleading information presented as news. It often has the aim of damaging the reputation of a person or entity, or making money through advertising revenue. However, the term does not have a fixed definition, and has been applied more broadly to include any type of false information, including unintentional and unconscious mechanisms, and also by high-profile individuals to apply to any news unfavorable to their personal perspectives. (Definition taken from Wikipedia)

Why Should I Care?

One of the things the Presidential Election Campaign of 2016 may be remembered for is the proliferation of fake news stories. Viral news hoaxes have been around for many years but since 2016 they exploded into the consciousness of the American public.

Evaluating information for its credibility and being able to separate fact from fiction has never been more important, It is a lifelong skill that is vital in helping you make informed decisions in your everyday life, both personally and professionally.

  • Fake news hampers an informed citizenry. You deserve the truth. You have every right to be insulted when you read fake news. You are smart enough to make up your own mind. Find the real facts, look at the real facts, and don't allow your self to be treated like an idiot.
  • Fake news destroys your credibility. If your arguments are built on bad information, it will be much more difficult for people to believe you in the future.
  • Fake new has consequences. It can hurt you and a lot of other people. Purveyors of fake and misleading medical advice like Mercola.com and Natural News.com help perpetuate myths like HIV and AIDS aren't related, or that vaccines cause autism. These sites are heavily visited and their lies are dangerous.
  • Real news can benefit you. If you want to buy stock in a company, you want to read accurate articles about that company so you can invest wisely. If you are planning on voting in an election, you want to read valid and factual information on a candidate so you can vote for the person who best represents your ideas and beliefs. Fake news will not help you make money or make the world a better place, but real news can.

(List adapted from the Albuquerque and Bernalillo County Public Library's web page, Help! My News is Fake!)

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