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Research @ Reynolds Libraries

7 b. Interpret citations

Reading Citations

Video created by the University of New Brunswick Libraries

Identifying Parts of a Citation

A citation is a reference to a source of information. A citation typically includes enough identifying information, such as the author, title, publisher information, date of publication, database retrieved from, etc. for a reader to be able to locate a copy of the item.

The ability to interpret citations or references from various sources of information is a fundamental research skill. In order to be able to correctly cite a source in a specific style (e.g., APA, Chicago, MLA), you need to be able to determine what type of source the item is, where the source came from and identify the various parts of the source.

The boxes below provide several examples of the most common types of sources found in the library catalog, databases and web sites.

Print Book - Library Catalog

Print Book - Library Catalog

Chapter in an eBook - Library Database

Chapter in an eBook - Library Database

Notes: You will also need to include the page number range when citing a specific chapter/essay within an edited book.

Journal Article - Library Database

Journal Article - Library Database

Magazine Article - Library Database

Magazine Article - Library Database

Newspaper Article - Open Web

Newspaper Article - Open Web

Government News Release - Open Web

Government News Release - Open Web

Web Tutorial