APA citation style is a set of rules created by the American Psychological Association that establishes standards of written communication (college research papers; articles, books and other documents submitted for publication) including:
APA citation style is often used in the following classes/fields:
We keep a copy of the manual at the Library Reference Desk at all three Reynolds campuses.
McCauley, S.M., & Christiansen, M.H. (2019). Language learning as language use: A cross- linguistic model of child language development. Psychological Review, 126(1), 1-51. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000126
DOI URL is required for journal articles if available. A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a string of numbers, letters and symbols used to permanently identify an article or document and link to it on the web. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation. Think of it like a Social Security number for the article you’re citing — it will always refer to that article, and only that one. While a web address (URL) might change, the DOI will never change. Example: https://doi.org/10.1044/2015_AJA-15-0021.
Period should be placed at the end of the References list, except after a URL or DOI.
More Citation examples:
eBooks and articles databases:
Student papers in APA style require the following:
Not required for student papers (unless required by instructor):
Microsoft Word instructions:
Google Docs instructions:
Though not labeled as such, APA citations are composed of 4 core elements: who, when, what, where.
who -- author field
when -- date field (in parentheses)
what -- title of the source
where -- where the source lives
Anderson, A. K. (2005). Affective influences on the attentional dynamics supporting awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 154, 258-281. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-34220.127.116.118
Who = Anderson, A. K.
When = (2005)
What = Affective influences on the attentional dynamics supporting awareness.
Where = Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 154, 258-281. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3418.104.22.1688
Always check with your instructor on what format specifications to use for a particular class or assignment, especially when citing online resources including material found in library databases.