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Research @ Reynolds Libraries

7 c. Cite sources

Which citation style should I use?

APA and MLA are the two citation styles most commonly used at Reynolds. 

Always check with your instructor first on which citation style to use for a particular assignment.  Also, always check with your instructor on any specific formatting guidelines to use for a particular assignment that may differ from standard APA and MLA guidelines.

Where can I get help in citing my sources?

Check out the following for assistance in citing your sources:

MLA Citation Video

Created by Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI

MLA Citation Examples

WORKS CITED LIST:

BOOK:

Format:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher. Year.

Example:

Valenti, Francine. More Than a Movie. Westview Press. 2000. 

JOURNAL ARTICLE FROM A LIBRARY DATABASE - INCLUDES DOI #:

Format:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol., no. year, p. (or pp. for page range). Name of Database

DOI number.

Example:

Bartra, Valentin. "An Institutional Framework for a More Efficient Use of Natural Resources."

Minerals & Energy, vol. 22, no.1-2, 2007, pp. 48-61. Academic Search Completedoi:10.1353/pmc.2000.0021.

MAGAZINE ARTICLE FROM A LIBRARY DATABASE - NO DOI #:

 Format:

 Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Title of Magazine, vol., no., Day Month Year, p. (or pp. for page range). Name of Database

permanent/stable URL.

Example:

Winegart, Peter. "Education: Legislating Legacies." Newsweek, vol. 142, no. 17, 14 Oct. 2005,  pp. 10-12. MasterFILE Premier

http://ezproxy.vccs.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx

direct=true&db=a9h&AN=96033129&site=ehost-live.


PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS:

AUTHOR NAMED IN TEXT:

Format:

Signal phrase with author's name, "quote" (page).

Example:

One researcher, Carol Gilligan, concludes that "women impose a distinctive construction on moral problems" (105).

AUTHOR NOT NAMED IN TEXT:

Format:

Signal phrase, "quote" (Author page).

Example:

According to a study, "the poor and minorities were victims" (Frieden and Sagalyn 29).

NO AUTHOR:

Format:

Signal phrase, "quote" (Shortened Title page).

Signal phrase with title, "quote" (page).

Examples:

Full Title: The Right to Die

One article states that, "A death row inmate may demand his execution for notoriety" (Right 135).

The Right to Die states that, "A death row inmate may demand his execution for notoriety" (135).

Other MLA tutorials

APA Citation Video

Created by Dalhousie University Libraries, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

APA Citation Examples

REFERENCES LIST:

BOOK:

Format:

Last Name, First & Middle Initials. (Year). Title of book. City, State: Publisher.

Example:

Valenti, F. M. (2000). More than a movie. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

JOURNAL ARTICLE FROM A LIBRARY DATABASE - INCLUDES DOI #:

Format:

Last Name, First & Middle Initials., Last Name, First & Middle Initials., & Last Name,

First & Middle Initials. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol.(Issue), Page(s).

doi: number

Example:

Hoar, W. P., Johnson, R. P., & Chiari, D. M. (2004). Benign discrimination? New American, 19(2), 2-24. 

doi:10.1080/1462220041000

MAGAZINE ARTICLE FROM A LIBRARY DATABASSE - NO DOI #:

Format:

Last Name, First & Middle Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine,

Vol.(Issue), pages. Retrieved from URL of magazine home page

Example:

Wingert, P. (2005, October 14). Education: Legislating legacies. Newsweek, 142(17), 10-12.

Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com


PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS:

AUTHOR NAMED IN TEXT:

Format:

Signal phrase, Last name (Year), "quote" (p. #)

Example:

One researcher, Carol Gilligan (2005), concludes that "women impose a distinctive construction on moral problems" (p. 105)

AUTHOR NOT NAMED IN TEXT:

Format:

Signal phrase or quote (Last name & Last name, Year, p. #)

Example:

According to this study (Brown & Smith, 2007, p. 26)

NO AUTHOR:

Full Title: The Right to Die

Format:

Signal phrase, "quote" (Shortened title, year, p. #).

Examples:

One article states that, "A death row inmate may demand his execution for notoriety" (Right, 2005, p. 135).

The Right to Die states that, "A death row inmate may demand his execution for notoriety" (p. 135).

APA Tutorials