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What does PICO Stand For:

What does PICO mean?

The first stage of any evidence-based practice process is formulating an answerable question. This forms the foundation for quality searching. A well-formulated question will facilitate the search for evidence and will assist you in determining whether the evidence is relevant to your question.

Forming a PICO question?

This tutorial discusses background and foreground questions and how to convert a clinical scenario into a PICO foreground question.

Developing answerable clinical questions from Terry Shaneyfelt, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham on YouTube.

Search the Literature

Do a limited literature search using your identified PROBLEM/PATIENT/POPULATION and your INTERVENTION using these:

CINAHL Complete (a Reynolds Library Database)


UpToDate (a Reynolds Library Database) (a website that gathers and summarizes the best evidence from research to help you make informed choices about treatment)